Dali was born in 1904 in Spain. He spent his
life as a painter, sculptor, graphic artist,
and designer. He utilized a lot of different
artistic techniques, but finally settled as
a surrealist. His talent for self-publicity
rapidly made him the most famous representative
of the Surrealist movement.
Throughout his life he cultivated eccentricity
and exhibitionism (one of his most famous acts
was appearing in a diving suit at the opening
of the London Surrealist exhibition in 1936),
claiming that this was the source of his creative
energy. He took over the Surrealist theory of
automatism but transformed it into a more positive
method which he named `critical paranoia'.