Ernst was born on April 2, 1891, in Bruhl, Germany.
Ernst joined the Dada movement in Cologne and
in 1919 he began to work on collages and books
composed of irrational images and fantastic
landscapes. In 1922, Ernst moved to Paris where
he became a central figure in the Surrealist
Movement. As an artist, Ernstís accomplishment
was to develop a syntax using found visual material
in a controlled, narrative manner.
In pursuit of novel images he found a link,
no matter how irrational ,between all the materials
he employed. With frottage drawings and decalcomania,
Ernst used non-traditional methods to make a
work of art, frottage with scraping and decalcomania
a transfer process. Both are versions of automatism
or automatic writing in which the images are
not planned, but discovered through the process.
He died on April 1, 1976, in Paris.