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Juan Gris was born in 1887. He was a Spanish born French painter who went to the cubist school. Originally his name was Jose Vittoriano Gonzalez, he was born in Madrid and educated there. He left Madrid in 1906 and went to Paris, making the acquaintance of Spanish artist Pablo Picasso and of the French painter Georges Braque. Gris's first cubist paintings, generally more calculated than those of Picasso and Braque, appeared in 1912.



Throughout 1912 and beyond, Juan Gris who was working with the likes of Picasso and Georges Braques introducing real materials such as chair caning and wallpaper--either the actual materials or painted facsimiles--into their works in what came to be known as collage. This synthesis or reconstitution of reality, called synthetic cubism, proved to be of fundamental importance to the development of modern art.













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